Students use map and globe skills to determine the absolute locations of places and interpret information available from a legend, scale, or symbolic representation. Students identify physical and cultural features on a globe to explain the historical migration of people, expansion and disintegration of empires, and growth of economic systems. Students examine factors in human settlement including water, vegetation, topography, and minerals.
Unit 1 Early Humans (5 weeks)
Students study what is known through archaeological studies of the early physical and cultural development of humankind from prehistory to the agricultural revolution. Students discuss the emergence of art, music, and ritual beliefs. Students examine the difference between facts, theories, beliefs, opinions, and belief systems, as well as discussing DNA, extinction, and mutation.
Unit 2 Mesopotamia (4 weeks)
Students locate and describe the Tigris and Euphrates river system and discuss the physical settings that supported permanent settlement and early civilizations. Students trace the development of agricultural surplus, and the emergence of cities as centers of culture and power. Students understand the relationship between religion and social and political order. Students examine the evolution of writing.
Unit 3 Egypt (5 weeks)
Students locate and describe the Nile River system and discuss the physical setting that supported permanent settlement. Students discuss the main features of Egyptian art and architecture. Students learn to understand the relationship between religion and social/political order, as well as social and political hierarchy.
Unit 4 Ancient Hebrews (4 weeks)
Students discuss the locations of the settlements and movements of the Hebrew people. Students describe the origins and significance of Judaism, including major figures and beliefs.
Unit 5 Greece (5 weeks)
Students discuss the connection between geography and the development of city-states in the region of the Aegean Sea. Students compare different forms of government (Tyranny, Oligarchy, Monarchy, Democracy). Students examine trade in the Mediterranean and compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta. Students study the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture. Students discuss Greece’s enduring contributions in art, science, architecture, and literature.
Unit 6 India (4 weeks)
Students locate and describe the major river systems and discuss the physical setting that supported the rise of civilization on the Indian sub-continent. Students examine the major beliefs and practices of Hinduism and Buddhism. Students outline the social structure of the caste system.
Unit 7 Ancient China (3 weeks)
Students locate and describe the origins of Chinese civilization in the Huang He Valley. Students study the geographical features that isolate China. Students examine the beliefs systems of Confucianism and Daoism, as well as the unification of China under emperor Shi Huangdi. Students study trade along the Silk Road, which transported both goods and ideas from China to the Roman Empire
Unit 8 The Roman Empire (3 weeks)
Students study the location and rise of the Roman Republic. Students discuss the expansion of Rome, including trade, war, and the use of currency. Students examine Rome’s transition from republic to empire. Students discuss the rise and spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire.
4345 54th Street, San Diego, CA 92115
Tel. (619) 582-8990 Fax. (619) 583-2637