The Federal Title I program provides assistance to schools serving students from high-poverty backgrounds. No Child Left Behind requires that all Title I schools make adequate yearly progress in improving student achievement. The state has established annual student achievement targets to determine whether schools are making adequate progress. The state has designated some Title I schools as Program Improvement (PI) schools. These schools have not made adequate yearly progress in improving student achievement for two or more consecutive years based on state test scores. Schools not listed may still be affected by ESEA because they may be identified as receiving schools for students electing to leave PI schools. On March 7, 2014, the U.S. Department of Education approved California's testing waiver for certain statutory and regulatory requirements of Title I, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, as amended.